Russian POWs in the Nagoya camp, postcard 1
Miyawaki Noboru Papers (2021C2)
Miyawaki Noboru Papers, Hoover Institution Archives (2021C2.001)
*BETA* Digital Record
The Russo-Japanese war was the first war in compliance with the Hague Convention “Laws and customs of war on land” (1899). The Annex to the Convention contained Chapter II: “Prisoners of war”. Article 4 states: “They must be humanely treated.” During the Russo-Japanese war of 1904–1905, over 70,000 Russian POWs were sent to Japan. They lived in camps in different towns across Japan for about a year and a half. Japan strongly promoted the care with which they treated their Russian captives, though the topic requires further scholarly investigation.